Music and recording industry background

These record labels helped to expand the modern music industry because they took risks and and were more adventurous with their song and artist choices.


Prior to the creation of the recorded music industry, popular music was shared through sheet music, piano rolls, and live shows. The second influential technology that helped to create the modern music industry was commercial radio. The first radio was created by Guglielmo Marconi in and by the s the first commercial public radio stations begin broadcasting in the United States. Many of the first radio stations were owned by newspapers, radio manufacturers, and department stores and did not use the advertising and sponsorship that is familiar to audiences today.

Once radio became widespread and popular, the worlds of radio and recorded music began to merge. The music recording industry's profits dropped with the proliferation of commercial radio during the Twenties. The building was first used for music when it was acquired by the Gramophone Company in The Beatles went there for their first recording test with George Martin in June , and they were bowled over by the facilities.

The three studios had high ceilings and tremendous acoustics the main hall was big enough to accommodate an orchestra and the Fab Four enjoyed fooling around in the storage room, which housed hundreds of percussion instruments. Abbey Road had character, from the large Indian rugs on the hardwood floors to cope with problems from reflected sound to the sweeping wooden staircase. The chamber, which was only three feet high, with water dripping off the walls, produced the perfect effect. The Beatles continually broke new ground with their innovative use of feedback, microphone techniques and backwards recording.

This was also an era when bands were given time to make albums at a relaxed pace. Since EMI owned the recording studios, The Beatles were sometimes afforded months to record their songs.

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Photo: Apple Corps. Well, the studio changed all that… because instead of taking a great photograph, you could start painting a picture. By overdubbing, by different kind of speeds… you are painting with sound.

British musicians were, however, still paying attention to recording studios in the US. Berry Gordy could never be said to have lacked confidence. Photo: Universal Music Group Archives. Gordy had a template for success. Initially, their equipment was basic. They had three tracks. One was used for drums and bass; the second for other instruments; and the third for the vocalists. Motown quickly became the most successful African-American business in the music world.

A Brief History of The Music Industry - MTT Open - Music Think Tank

Chess started out as small recording studios attached to offices and facilities for distribution. Though the atmosphere was electric and the equipment excellent, the Stones believed that the big difference was in the talented producers and engineers, such as Ron Malo. The Rolling Stones, incidentally, left their own mark on the history of recording, with their Mobile Studio. Instigated in the late 60s by Mick Jagger, the studio on wheels a DAF truck had a control with the latest track technology.

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This desolate wasteland setting sparked a creative resurgence in Bowie, who had moved to Germany to cope with a cocaine addiction and a collapsing marriage. The complex, first used as recording studios by record label Ariola in the 60s, was bought by brothers Peter and Thomas Meisel. In , their Meisel Music Publishers bought the property and fitted it with recording equipment.

The Meistersaal main hall , which had hosted classical music concerts in the 20s and later served as a social club for the Nazi SS, was turned into Studio 2, and bomb-damaged rooms were renovated into smaller modern recording studios. Over the next 20 years, the roll call of celebrated albums made at Hansa — utilising the eerily dark sound quality — afforded the studio near-legendary status.

There was something about the gloomy outcast setting that inspired Bowie. That atmosphere was so provocative. The strange setting led to a fortuitous moment of inspiration. It is considered one of the best pieces of recording equipment ever made. But it was the sound that counted, as it was in Studio One in Kingston, Jamaica , which also became renowned for its resident reggae musicians. The sites of recording studios often have rich histories. Nevertheless, memorable music can be made in a place without a glamorous past.

Surrey Sound Studio, in sleepy Leatherhead — where, in the late 70s and early 80s, The Police recorded their first three albums — was a small converted village hall. It is now a sports goods shop.

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In , the St Paul Chamber Orchestra made one of the first digital recordings to be released commercially. The widespread use of multi-track technology in the modern era meant that musicians often spent long spells in recording studios. As a result, many residential studios were established, often away from cities. Mechanical Rights — A right given, allowing the mass reproduction of a song on CDs, tapes, records or other forms of physical media.

Mechanical Royalties — The payment from a record company to a songwriter or publisher for use of a song on a CD or other physical media. If a song is more than five minutes long, the rate paid will be increased to 1.

Recording Studios: A History Of The Most Legendary Studios In Music

See also — The Harry Fox Agency. Meta Data — In the context of music, Meta Data is the information embedded in a musical file such as an MP3 that typically identifies things like but not limited to the creator s , the publisher s , the song title, the date created, email address, phone number, etc. Mix — The final audio product combining all of the separate music elements and instruments into one composite soundtrack.

This is sometimes referred to as the "mixdown. The MP3 format compresses digitized audio data. The MP3 reduces the number of "bytes" unit amount of digital data in an audio file by a factor of An MP3 may be downloaded in minutes rather than an uncompressed CD audio file, which could take hours.

Music Library — Music Libraries aka Production Music Libraries are music publishers that generally specialize in licensing music to media projects like TV shows, films, TV commercials, corporate videos, streaming videos, etc. Both instrumental tracks and full songs with lyrics can be licensed from music libraries, depending on which company you license the music from. Music libraries can range from very small, one-person companies with a few hundred pieces of music in their catalog, up to very large companies with dozens of staff members and hundreds of thousands of songs and instrumentals in their catalog.

Songwriters, artists, and composers can have their music in several different catalogs, and they typically sign publishing agreements that are either exclusive only one company can represent a particular piece of music or non-exclusive the same piece of music can be re-titled and represented by several companies. Music Licensing — The act of licensing a musical work for placement in various forms of media.

Wikipedia defines Music Licensing as follows: Music licensing is the licensed use of copyrighted music. Music licensing is intended to ensure that the owners of copyrights on musical works are compensated for certain uses of their work. A purchaser has limited rights to use the work without a separate agreement. When used as a noun, Music Placement refers to a specific placement of a musical work. Music Promotion — An often misunderstood and misused term. The Internet has become an integral part of modern artist marketing and music promotion.

Music Publisher — Music publishers exploit the licensing and commercial use of copyrighted songs, and also collect the payments for the use of those songs. The copyrights must be assigned to the music publisher or by the songwriters in a written contract in return for a percentage of royalties generated by the song. Here is a list of music publishing companies. Music Publishing Companies — Companies that exploit copyrights of songs to generate income for the songwriter or composer and the publishing company as well.

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See above. Music Supervisor — A music supervisor pairs music with visual media of all types. Performing Rights Organization — Organizations that collect the payment for licensed public performances of songs on behalf of the copyright owners, and pays royalties to the songwriters and publishers of the performed works. There are three organizations in the U. Performance Royalties — The income earned from use of one's song on radio, television, concerts, and other public performances of music.

Platinum Album — The certification by the Recording Industry Association of America that an album has sold a minimum of one million units. Platinum Single — The certification by the Recording Industry Association of America that a single has sold a minimum of one million units.

Points — percentage points -- the money producers and artists earn on the retail list price of 90 percent of all records sold.